Although the terms ‘monument’ and ‘memorial’ are often used interchangeably, there are subtle differences between them. When we refer to a ‘monument,’ it is assumed that it consists of a structure such as an obelisk, stele, arch, statue, or a sculptural group. One would also not be inclined to erect a ‘memorial’ in honour of an individual or event unless the person is deceased or the event has already taken place. Rather, if the person is alive, one would raise a ‘monument’ to celebrate their achievements or victory.

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